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RUSSIA IS ONE OF THE WORLDS GREAT POWERS

Russia is a large and multinational country. Its territory is located on two continents in Europe and Asia.

تور روسیه is in the first place in the world in terms of the size of the territory more than 17 million square kilometers. Russia has the longest border in the world and is a neighbor with 20 countries. Russia is a country with a developed culture, education, economy, industry and has a great investment potential.
The population of Russia is about 147 million people.

The capital of Russia is Moscow. This is a real metropolis. More than 12.5 million people live in the capital. In Russia, there are many large cities, centers of economy and culture, each has more than 1 million people St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Astrakhan, Stavropol, Tambov, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Kazan and many others.

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History of Saint-Petersburg

Founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1703 as Russias Window on Europe, St. Petersburg is Russias second largest city and bears the unofficial status of the countrys cultural capital and the most European city. The city is a hub of cultural, historical and architectural landmarks, famous for its harmonious mix of western European and Russian architecture and its many waterways, which are inseparable from St. Petersburgs panorama. Many of the citys most famed architectural sites stretch along the Nevas historic embankments. Moreover, the bridges and natural canals of the river have earned St. Petersburg the nickname Venice of the North. Architecturally it ranks as one of the most splendid and congenial cities of Europe. Its historic district was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990.

Since its founding St. Petersburg has played a vital role in Russian history. For two centuries (1712-1918) it was the capital of the Russian Empire. In 1914 Russia entered the First World War on the side of the West Allies. The German-sounding name of St. Petersburg was changed to the more Slavonic Petrograd. In 1924 after the October Revolution and moving the capital back to Moscow, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad.

تور سنت پترزبورگ is also remembered for its fierce defense while besieged during the World War II. The city lived under the siege for nine hundred days from September 08 1941 to the January 27 1944. Over a million people lost their lives during the siege.

After being slightly neglected by the Communist Party, revival of the city began in 1991 when voters elected to restore the original name oа St. Petersburg.

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Touristic and cultural information about Saint-Petersburg

Today St. Petersburg is Russias second-largest city after Moscow, more than five million inhabitants in 2016, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea. It is politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city)
 

تور سنت پترزبورگ is a major trade gateway, financial and industrial center of Russia specialising in oil and gas trade, shipbuilding yards, aerospace industry, radio and electronics, software and computers; machine building, heavy machinery and transport, including tanks and other military equipment, mining, instrument manufacture, ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy (production of aluminium alloys), chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, publishing and printing, food and catering, wholesale and retail, textile and apparel industries, and many other businesses.

10 Top Tourist Attractions in Russia

Last updated on December 9, 2019 in Russia 10 Comments

The largest country in the world, Russia offers a broad array of travel experiences, from treks up the slopes of glacier-capped mountains to strolls along the shoreline of Earths oldest lake. Historical sites and cultural activities in the countrys great cities abound as well. Whether youre exploring the grounds of Moscows Kremlin or wandering through the steppes of Mongolia, a visit to Russia is an adventure not soon forgotten. These top tourists attractions in Russia can inspire a great Russian itinerary for a memorable trip.

  • Trans-Siberian Railway

flickr/Martha de Jong-Lantink
Part of the longest railway system in the world, the classic Trans-Siberian railway runs from Moscow to Vladivostok, a city near Russias borders with China and North Korea. Begun in 1891 by Tsar Alexander III and completed by his son, Tsar Nicholas II, in 1916, the line is known as the route of the tsars. Most travelers use the train as overnight accommodation from one destination to the next. The train features first-, second- and third-class sleepers, some with private bathrooms and showers.

  • Mount Elbrus

flickr/Hombit
Mount Elbrus is located in the Caucasus Mountain Range in Southern Russia. At 5,642 meters (18,510 ft), Elbrus is included as one of the Seven Summits, the highest summits on each of the planets seven continents, attracting both experienced and novice mountain climbers. While the mountain was formed from a volcano, it is considered dormant, with no recorded eruptions. A cable car system can take visitors as high as 3,800 meters (12,500 ft), facilitating ascents to the summit.

  • Valley of Geysers

flickr/robnunn
Situated on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, the Valley of Geysers is the second largest geyser field in the world. The Valley of Geysers was discovered in 1941 by local scientist Tatyana Ustinova. Since then it became a popular tourist attraction in Kamchatka and attracts a lot of interest from scientists and tourists.

  • Kizhi Island

Located in Karelia, a region in Northwestern Russia that borders Finland and the White Sea, Kizhi Island is best known for its incredible open-air museum. Karelians have lived in the region since the 13th century, torn between the cultures of the East and the West. The museums collection features the 120-foot high Church of the Transfiguration of Our Savior, a structure made famous by its 22 domes. Other tourist attractions includes dozens of wooden houses, windmills, chapels and barns. The peasant culture is represented with craft demonstrations and folk ensembles.

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  • St Sophia Cathedral, Novgorod Where to Stay


Located in Novgorod, Russias oldest city, Saint Sophia Cathedral is situated within the grounds of the citys Kremlin. Standing 125 feet high and adorned with five spectacular domes, the cathedral is the oldest church building in Russia. Saint Sophia Cathedral features an array of ancient religious artifacts, including The Mother of God of the Sign, an icon that legend says saved Novgorod from attack in 1169. The cathedrals three famous ornately carved gates also date back to the 12th century.

  • Lake Baikal

Many travelers on the Trans-Siberian railway make plans to stop at Lake Baikal, the deepest and oldest lake on Earth. Lake Baikal holds around 20 percent of the worlds fresh water. Located in Siberia, the 25-million-year-old lake is surrounded by mountain ranges. The lake is considered one of the clearest lakes in the world. Known as the Pearl of Siberia, Lake Baikal is home to several resorts, making the area a popular vacation destination.

  • Suzdal Where to Stay

Once the capital of several Russian principalities, Suzdal is the jewel of Russias Golden Ring, ancient cities that the country has preserved as living museums of Russias cultural past. Those who wish to experience the best of Russias historic architecture, full of onion-dome topped kremlins, cathedrals and monasteries, will find it in Suzdal. Dating back to 1024, the entire city is like a large open-air museum that transports visitors back in time.

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  • Moscow Kremlin Where to Stay

The Kremlin is a must-see attraction for anyone visiting Moscow. Home to the nations top governmental offices, the walled enclosure also houses four cathedrals built in the 15th and 16th century as well as several notable museums. The 250-acre grounds include the Armoury, filled with royal treasures of the past, and the Diamond Fund Exhibition, a collection of jewelry that includes a 190-carat diamond given to Catherine the Great.

  • Hermitage Museum Where to Stay

Founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great, the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia is a massive museum of art and culture showing the highlights of a collection of over 3 million items spanning the globe. The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors.

  • Saint Basils Cathedral Where to Stay

flickr/Jack Versloot
Built between 1554 and 1561 and situated in the heart of Moscow, St. Basils Cathedral has been among the top tourist attractions in Russia. It is not the buildings interior artifacts that attract visitors, but rather the cathedrals distinctive architecture. Designed to resemble the shape of a bonfire in full flame, the architecture is not only unique to the period in which it was built but to any subsequent period. There is no other structure on earth quite like St. Basils Cathedral.

Getting around russiaby air

Major Russian airlines, including Aeroflot, Rossiya, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines (www.uralairlines.com), UTAir (www.utair.ru) and budget carrier Pobeda (www.pobeda.aero), have online booking, with the usual discounts for advance purchases. Otherwise, its no problem buying a ticket at ubiquitous aviakassa (ticket offices), which may be able to tell you about flights that you cant easily find out about online overseas. Online agencies specialising in Russian air tickets with English interfaces include Anywayanyday, Pososhok.ru, One Two Trip! and TicketsRU
Whenever you book airline tickets in Russia youll need to show your passport and visa. Tickets can also be purchased at the airport right up to the departure of the flight and sometimes even if the city centre office says that the plane is full. Return fares are usually double the one-way fares.
Its a good idea to check in online as early as possible and sign up for notifications about delays and cancellations. Most airlines have handy telephone apps, which you can use for both booking and online check-in.
Airlines may bump you if you dont check in at least an hour before departure and can be very strict about charging for checked bags that are overweight, which generally means anything over 20kg. Pobeda is notoriously strict (as well as unpredictable and arbitrary) about baggage allowances and carry-on luggage.
Have your passport and ticket handy throughout the various security and ticket checks that can occur, right up until you find a seat. Some flights have assigned seats, others dont. On the latter, seating is a free-for-all.
Many internal flights in Moscow use either Domodedovo or Vnukovo airports; if youre connecting to Moscows Sheremetyevo international airport, allow a few hours to cross town (at least three hours if you need to go by taxi, rather than train and metro).
Big city airports are gradually being revamped and modernised, but in small towns airports offer facilities similar to the average bus shelter.

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The Best Places To Stay In Russia


• The Hotel Baltschug Kempinskis location, just across the river from the Kremlin and St. Basils, makes it one of the

رزرو هتل to stay in Moscow. The fact that its extremely luxurious also helps. Service is slick and youll also find a top-notch spa and iconic views across the river.
• The 5* Hotel National is a top spot, boasting a wonderfully central location and set in an historic building. The interiors are classy with an understated opulence and there is a pool, lovely restaurant and spa.
• Set in one of the Seven Sisters high-rises, Radisson Royal Hotel offers palatial, classically elegant accommodation as well as a 31st floor bar offering superb views of the city. There are 5 restaurants to choose from or you can stay in a self-catering apartment instead.
• The Hotel Metropol is the grand dame of Moscows hotel scene, and has been since she opened her elegant, Art-Nouveau doors over a century ago. Youre in the Tverskoy district, right across from the Bolshoi and very handy for the Kremlin, Red Square and St. Basils.

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